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About the Shellbook Method


Patterned Oral Paraphrase
The Shellbook localization method – Patterned Oral Paraphrase (POP) – was first used in 1990 as a way to involve pre-literate parents in the creation of reading material for their children. POP is based on traditional visual/oral knowledge-sharing methods, and is highly inclusive, regardless of the participants’ age, gender, or literacy level.

The POP method has been refined continually in various projects since the early 1990’s.  In 2011, a team of over two dozen doctors, psychologists, correctional officials, health education specialists, prison inmates, and parolees developed an excellent set of Shellbooks on HIV/AIDS medication adherence. The set was commissioned by the Texas Departments of Criminal Justice and State Health Services for use in Texas prisons. These visual/oral case studies were designed for personalisation by men and women inmates in small peer education classes using the POP method. They are available for viewing and download at

Please contact the Trust for information about POP training for your organization.